Tiếng Anh Hàng không - Chủ điểm Nouns (Danh từ)

  • 2021-10-14 23:40:18

    1. Singular (sing) and plural (pl)

    • To make a singular noun plural, add s:

    airport → airports,             terminal → terminals,        gate → gates,

    passport → passport,         baggage → baggages,        wing → wings


    1. Some words which end in ch, sh, x, or s, add es:

    fix → fixes,            flash → flashes,                bus → buses,           box → boxes

    1. If the word ends in a consonant + y, change to ies:

    Country → countries,                  city → cities, policy → policies

    1. Latin words may have different endings:

    axis → axes, phenomenon → phenomena        

              aircraft (sing) → aircraft (pl),                 series (sing) → series (pl)

              spacecraft (sing) → spacecraft (pl)

    2. Countable and uncountable nouns

    • Countable nouns are things that can be counted:

    an airplane → two airplanes,        a seat → three seats,          a door → many doors

    • Uncountable nouns cannot be counted as one, two, three etc

    water            snow           fuel              gas              air                experience

    3. Compound nouns

    • A compound nouns is a noun that is made of (or more) parts:

    Many compound nouns are formed by using one noun (as an adjective) in front of another noun. A hyphen maybe used after the first word.

    a flight path,            an airplane engine,            an air-traffic controller

    • Some compound nouns are formed with an -ing form + noun.

    drinking water,        a waiting room,       a training aircraft

    • Plurals of compound nouns are formed by addding –(es) to the second word.

    a radio operator → radio operators,         a turning point → turning points




    A. Give the plurals of these words:

    Airplane                                          Area         

    Flight                                              Force       

    Wing                                               Cause       

    Engine                                             Axis         

    Altitude                                           Phenomenon       

    Angle                                              Velocity   

    Path                                                Flash        

    Movement                                       Fix

    Setting                                             Approach

    Datum                                             Slat


    B. Puts the plurals into four groups:



























    Ex.2 Complete the sentences using the plurals of the nouns in brackets.

    1. The pilot must understand the ….. of the force. (effect)

              2. When pressure is applied to the airplane ….. the basic forces change in magnitude. (control)

              3. Some ….. require the use of airplane controls in order to return the air-plane to the desired attitude. (factor)

              4. Airplane ….. make an effort to increas the performance of the airplane. (designers)

              5. Stability is the ability of a body to develop ….. that end to return the body to the original position. (moment)

              6. There are ….. that will require the use of airplane controls to return the airplane to the desired attitude. (condition)

    Ex.3 Choose the correct form.

              1. Aircraft / aircrafts was ganing altitude.

              2. Some aircraft / aircrafts are approaching the field.

              3. The airplane has three axis / axes of rotation.

              4. An imaginary line from the nose to the tail is longitudinal axis / axes.

              5. The pilots observed an unusual meteorological phenomenon / phenomena.

              6. The designers must make compromise to sastify the function and the desired performance / performances of the airplane.

              7. The pilots continued their flight at a higher speed / speeds.

              8. The pressure / pressures of the water caused the tank to burst.

              9. The pilots were short of fuel / fuels.

              10. History of aviation / aviations started with the flight of Icarus who flew so high that the Sun melted his wings.

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